Why You May Need a Tooth Extracted
Every patient is different, however, there are some common issues that might make a tooth extraction necessary for you.
Damage to the tooth
Trauma or decay can damage a tooth beyond repair. In situations where alternative procedures are not an option, your dentist may advise that your tooth needs to be removed.
Sometimes teeth can struggle to break through the gum line if other teeth are too big or our blocking the tooth from growing properly. If space needs to be freed up, teeth can be removed. This sort of procedure is particularly common in people who require orthodontics.
Fillings are normally used to fix tooth decay, but sometimes more action may be required if the deterioration has exposed the pulp of the tooth. Bacteria in the mouth may have infected the pulp. The dentists may choose to remove the decayed tooth in order to limit the risk of infection. But this will always be discussed with you & is another reason why regular dental visits are important.
A dentist may recommend that a tooth be extracted if it is not properly aligned with other teeth. Even if this tooth is not causing any damage, this proactive surgery is designed to prevent oral health risks from ever arising. This would be done if things like braces and wisdom teeth removal have already been done.
Tooth Extraction Procedures (3 types)
There are three different types of tooth removals that can be done depending on the issue you are having. Before each of these procedures, a patient will be in constant contact with their dentist to provide:
- Medical history
- Information about existing conditions
- Educating & explaining so you have the knowledge
This is the most common form of tooth/teeth removal. This is because it involves the extraction of visible teeth. Here, the dentist will use a local anesthetic and remove the tooth in one piece with the aid of forceps. Much like the image above.
Sectional tooth extraction procedures are conducted upon teeth that have multiple roots, which tend to be the molars at the back of the mouth. The dentist will need to separate the roots and remove them one by one in order to extract the tooth. This usually takes a bit longer than the simple extraction.
Surgical tooth extractions involve the removal of ‘impacted’ teeth (teeth that are not visible). For example, wisdom teeth our usually hidden & need to be surgically removed. This sort of procedure is comparatively more difficult than the others and may require an oral surgeon rather than a dentist.
The surgeon will need to make an incision in the gum in order to remove the invisible tooth. After gum and bone tissue is removed with a drill, the surgeon uses forceps to rock the tooth back and forth. This will loosen the tooth and make it easier to remove.
This sort of procedure often requires a general anaesthetic.
In each of these three situations, the removal of the tooth will cause profuse bleeding. As a result, the dentist/surgeon will place gauze over the removal site to absorb the blood until a clot forms. Dentists may also use dissolvable stitches to close the incision.